Who should take COVID-19 Vaccine and who doesn’t? 10 important questions

New Delhi. Corona vaccine may come soon to get rid of the corona virus epidemic. First of all, this vaccine will be given to 300 million people in the country on priority basis. However, still there are many such people who are in great need of the corona vaccine and many do not. In such a situation, it becomes very important to know who should take this vaccine and who should not.

Question 1: Can pregnant women or lactating mothers take the vaccine?

No company has tested the vaccine in pregnancy yet. The CDC has advised against giving the vaccine to pregnant and breast-feeding mothers. UK officials have advised women not to become pregnant for two months after the shot. Since the vaccines available so far are not live vaccines, there should be no problem if given unintentionally.

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Question 2: Can a diabetic patient take the vaccine?

Yes, indeed diabetes has been established as a risk factor for this serious disease and all diabetics should be vaccinated on priority.

Question 3: If given a vaccine option, which one should I take?

All vaccines offer similar efficacy, although local reactions may be different. Take whatever is available. Think positive that at least you are being vaccinated before others. Indian made vaccines would be more suitable for our population as they are cheaper and can be stored at 2-8°C. mRNA vaccines require temperatures of minus -70 (Pfizer) and -20 (Moderna) for storage, which can be difficult to maintain in the summer months.

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Question 4: How many days after getting vaccinated, will I develop protection?

Best protection begins 10 days after the second dose. The effect is 70-90% against all severity and 100% against hospitalization. Its immediate aim is to prevent hospitalization and mortality.

Question 5: How long will the vaccine provide immunity?

It’s a new virus, a vaccine for a new technology, so we don’t know. After observing these vaccinated populations and their antibodies for a few years, we will understand. The need for boosters and when they will be needed will be decided after these follow ups and mathematical modelling.

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Question 6: At what age children can be vaccinated? Is the dosage the same as in adults or is a lower dose to be given?

The tests conducted so far have only been for adults above the age of 18. Now trials have started for children above 12 years. Dosage will be decided only after tests are done on young children and infants.

Question 7: Can it be given to immunocompromised (those who are not affected by the virus)?

The mRNA vaccine and the inactivated vaccine are safe. AstraZeneca and Sputnik-V adenovirus vector vaccines are also safe because they are non-immunizing viral vector vaccines. Live vaccines and viral vector vaccine imitations have to be avoided.

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Question 8: What are the expected side effects of the vaccine?

The side effects reported by the trial population are mostly mild COVID-like symptoms, including some fever and fatigue, injection site pain and stiffness. There have not been reports of transverse myelitis and facial paralysis to be related to the vaccine. In general, all vaccines are safe. Although these vaccines have been made in record time, testing methodology and procedures have not been compromised.

Question 9: I am allergic to eggs. Can I get the vaccine?

Egg cell lines are not used for the production of these vaccines. They can be taken safely even if you are allergic to eggs.

Question 10: I heard it is a product of Pig or Monkey? I am pure vegetarian.

The new vaccines manufactured these days are devoid of any such products.

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