Health News: Sodium and potassium are the most important minerals in the body because they alone are responsible for many important metabolic processes in the body.
Health News: Sodium and potassium are the most important minerals in the body because they are the only ones responsible for many important metabolic activities of the body. The right amount of these both inside and outside of every cell of the body is necessary not only for health, but for every action. Especially in summer, it is necessary to maintain a balance between these two.
This is sodium-potassium
These are present in the blood, they are called electrolytes. They help in the functioning of the heart, muscles and brain. Their levels are controlled by the kidney. We get sodium from salt, potassium from fruits and vegetables.
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shortage and excess
Sodium deficiency is called hyponatremia and potassium deficiency is called hypokalemia. Similarly, excess of sodium is called hypernatremia whereas the condition of excess potassium is called hyperkalemia. The normal amount of sodium in the body should be 136-140 mg equil per liter and potassium 3.5-5.0 mg equil per liter.
In case of deficiency or excess, the doctor conducts a blood test, which is called a serum electrolyte test. Its cost is around 200 rupees.
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older people more aware
Older references in the Journal of Internal Medicine showed that our ancestors consumed 16 times more potassium than sodium in their diets. But the people of the new era do the opposite. Our diet is rich in sodium and low in potassium. This is the reason why cardiovascular diseases are increasing.
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